Code of Ethics for Coaches
The Ethics Code for Coaches is intended to provide standards of professional conduct. This code is intended to provide general principles to cover most situations encountered by coaches. Its primary goal is the welfare and protection of individuals and groups with whom coaches work. This Code provides a common set of values upon which coaches build their professional work. It is the individual responsibility of each coach to aspire to the highest possible standards of conduct. Coaches respect and protect human and civil rights, and do not knowingly participate in or condone unfair discriminatory practices.
Principle 1: Competence
Coaches recognize the boundaries of their particular competencies and the limitations of their expertise. They provide only those services and use only those techniques for which they are qualified by education, training, or experience.
Principle 2: Integrity
Coaches are honest, fair, and respectful of others.
Principle 3: Respect for Participants and Dignity
Coaches respect the fundamental rights, dignity, and worth of all those taking part in sport. Coaches are aware of cultural, individual, and role differences, including those of age, gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, language, and socioeconomic status.
Principle 4: Concern for Others’ Welfare
Coaches seek to contribute to the welfare of those with whom they interact . When conflicts occur, coaches attempt to resolve these conflicts and to perform their roles in a responsible fashion that avoids or minimizes harm.
Principle 5: Responsible Coaching
Coaches are aware of their responsibilities to the community and the society in which they work and live. They apply and make public their knowledge of sport in order to contribute to human welfare. Coaches try to avoid misuse of their work. Coaches comply with the law.
The following are the priorities for coaches. The Plainview Old Bethpage Soccer Board considers them to be completely complementary, not mutually exclusive.
1. Player development (skill development, the sense of contributing to a team, the expectation of good sportsmanship)
2. Ensuring the children have fun and a very positive soccer experience
The most important thing for coaches to focus on are the dual goals promoting player development and sportsmanship, while ensuring the kids are having a lot of fun. Coaches should always keep in mind that kids play soccer to have fun. If it is not fun, they will generally not continue with soccer. Kids have fun by enjoying their teammates and getting positive feedback and encouragement from their coaches.
The coach conducts practices to promote skill development and tactical game awareness, while instilling a sense of teamwork and camaraderie. At games the coach assigns players to positions, manages substitutions, and provides sideline instruction and encouragement.
Coaches should meet with players and their parents once before the season begins to discuss commitment and procedures.
Coaches should set an example of on-field decorum and good sportsmanship at all times.
Coaches should not have to waste their time (or that of other players) disciplining unruly or uncooperative children. Coaches must speak to parents immediately in order to remedy the problem. If the situation persists, coaches have the right to reduce playing time or require a misbehaving child to sit out a game. In extreme cases, the matter may be brought to the Age Director, and if still unresolved, before the Parental Input Committee.
Coaches must address parents that display inappropriate behavior (abusing referees, criticizing players, criticizing coaching decisions, shouting instructions at players). In extreme cases, a parent may be asked not to attend subsequent games (and practices) if, after the coach has spoken with the offending parent and the appropriate Age Director, the parent behavior is still problematic.
Coaches are responsible for the children’s safety. Coaches must bring their medical release forms to practices and games. A coach or an assigned adult must remain at the field after practices and games until all children are picked up by their parents.
Coaches should know the rules of the game and should expand their knowledge of soccer by attending coaching clinics.
Coaches should ensure that all children on the team are learning soccer, developing a sense of contributing to a team effort and having a positive experience.
The (4) goal Differential
Once a team reaches a 4-goal differential, coaches should employ some or all of the following tactics to prevent the game from becoming a blowout:
* Put the LESS ADVANCED scorers up front (use this as an opportunity to let them be forwards).
* Try someone new in goal or at DEFENSE.
* Pull a player off the field and play short at the next quarter. If it is still a mismatch, pull off another player at the subsequent quarter.
* Ask the players to complete 5 (or more) consecutive passes before shooting.
* Ask the player to only take shots from outside the Penalty Box (i.e., practice chip shots, lofted shots at the top of the goal mouth, or power shots).
What is offside ?
When is a player offside ?
The simple version:
If a player runs around all defenders, gets in front of the goalkeeper, and receives a pass from a teammate farther away from the goal, that player is offside.
To avoid being offside, don't run behind the "last defender."
This rule is important to understand as being Offside can lose your team a
good scoring chance.
Everyone should remember the above ‘Simple version’
The long version (warning: hard to understand):
"A player is in an offside position if she is nearer to his opponent’s goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent unless:
1. she is in her own half of the field of play, or
2. she is level with the second last opponent or two last opponents.
A player shall only be declared offside and called for being in an offside position, if, at the moment the ball touches, or is played by, one of her teammates, she is, in the opinion of the referee:
1. interfering with play or with an opponent, or
2. gaining an advantage by being in that position.
A player shall not be declared offside by the referee
1. Just for being in an offside position, or
2. if she receives the ball direct from a goal-kick, a corner-kick or a throw-in.
If a player is called offside, the referee shall award an indirect free kick, which shall be taken by a player of the opposing team from the place where the offside occurred, unless the offense is committed by a player in the opponent’s goal area, in which case the free-kick shall be taken from any point within the goal area."
Here’s the short and simple soccer rules you need to know.
1. No Hands, please
I bet you knew that one. Most people who know nothing about soccer still know that you aren’t supposed to use your hands unless you’re the goalie.
A couple of points to clarify.
First, the rule for a hand ball includes using any part of the body from the tips of the fingers to the shoulder.
Second, the proper way to look at this soccer rule is that a player cannot “handle” the ball. A ball that is kicked and hits a player’s hand or arm is not a hand ball. This means that the referee must judge whether or not a hand ball is accidental contact or the player handled the ball on purpose to gain an advantage.
There is also a situation in which the goalie cannot use his/her hands. This is sometimes called the back-pass rule. Goalkeepers cannot pick up a pass that came directly from one of their teammates. In this case, the goalkeeper must use his feet. If the goalie does pick-up the ball it will result in an indirect kick from where he/she touched the ball.
A throw-in is taken when the ball crosses a sideline and leaves the field. The two basic soccer rules for a proper throw-in are to have both feet on the ground and to throw the ball with both hands over the head.
3. Corner Kicks & Goal Kicks
A corner kick or goal kick is taken when the ball leaves the field across the goal line – you know, the end of the field.
If the offensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a goal kick. If the defensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a corner kick.
The goal kick is taken from anywhere inside the “goal area box” .
It can be taken by any player.
The ball must leave the “Penalty Area” before anyone can touch the ball.
If the ball does not leave the Penalty Area then the kick must retaken
The corner kick is taken from – yes, you guessed it – the corner nearest to where the ball left the field.
The common rule of thumb on fouls is “If it looks like a foul, it probably is.”
Too true. A player cannot kick, trip, jump at, charge, strike, push, hold, or spit at an opponent.
So what’s the problem?
Soccer can be a physical, contact sport when two opposing players both want the soccer ball and no parent likes it when one of our players loses the ball and ends up on the ground!
“Foul!” cries the parent. “she was pushed!”
Bumping,leaning or going shoulder-to-shoulder while competing for a ball is not a foul until the hands or elbows come up.
Each referee will judge differently, after a few calls you will get know what you can and can not get away with.
Remember though, the referee is ALWAYS right !!!
5. Direct and Indirect Free Kicks
The simple difference between the two is this: On a direct kick you can score by kicking the ball directly into the goal. On an indirect kick you cannot score. An indirect kick must be touched by another player before it can go into the goal – that is the kicker and a second person.
You can tell whether the kick is direct or indirect by looking at the referee. For an indirect kick, the referee will hold one arm straight up in the air until the second person touches the ball. No arm up or pointing towards the goal, it’s a direct kick.
In general, a direct kick comes from a contact foul or hand ball. Everything else is indirect.
6. Penalty Kick
A penalty kick results from a contact foul or hand ball by the defending team within the penalty area – the large box on either end of the field. So it’s a type of direct kick also.
The ball is placed on the penalty spot, in front of the center of the goal.
All players must remain outside the penalty area and the penalty arc until the ball is kicked. The goalkeeper must have both feet on the goal line until the ball is kicked.
If after the ball is kicked, it rebounds off of the goal or the keeper and stays on the field, the ball is “live” and anyone can play it.
7. Two-touch Rule
A player cannot touch the ball twice in a row when putting the ball in play. You will see this called many times in youth soccer. It applies everywhere. You will see it frequently on kick-offs or direct and indirect kicks. If a player barely hits the ball and decides to take another kick at it, that is a two-touch.
This also applies to throw-ins. A player cannot throw the ball in and then kick it. Nope. No way. No can do.
I decided to leave the best for last.
This is without a doubt the least understood rule by players, parents and coaches alike.
We go over this rule in practice. So do not stand in an off-side position during the game because when the ball is played to you the other team will get a free-kick.
You cannot be offside on a corner kick, goal kick, or throw-in.
Also, it is not an offense for a player to be in an offside position. The player must be involved in active play as determined by the referee to be called offside.
A player is in an offside position if: he is nearer to his opponents’ goal line than both the ball and the second last opponent.
Clear yet? I didn’t think so.
Try this. An offensive or attacking player can’t be ahead of the ball and involved in the play unless there is a defender between him and the goalkeeper. Or, you can’t hang out at the other team’s goal waiting for the ball.
A few other buts. You can’t be offside if you are standing on your half of the field. Also, the offside rule applies when the ball is kicked, not when the player receives the ball.
This can be a hard rule to understand.
Don’t go crazy on this one. Go with the referee’s decision.
9. Most important rule
||Plainview Old Bethpage Soccer Club