How to Build a Campfire
How to Build a Campfire
|Here’s a simple formula for how to build a campfire, it’s easy to remember. ‘Gather’ and ‘Build’ are the key concepts:
…everything before you strike a match. The sizes and amounts are rules of thumb, don’t over-engineer things. For some reason my Scouts always seem to break the sticks they gather into tiny pieces, keep them close to the sizes specified and you’ll have a better chance of succeeding.
… don’t be overly concerned with trying to make a teepee or a log cabin or any of the traditional illustrated fire lays that look nice and neat – get the tinder burning, add the kindling and then the fuel. A fire has to have something to burn, don’t be shy. Most of my fires are piles, some look a little like teepees, just do what works. Fires spread up more than out, get the kindling and fuel directly over the flame.
Leave No Trace
The Outdoor Code
- Be clean in my outdoor manners. I will treat the outdoors as a heritage. I will take care of it for myself and others I will keep my trash and garbage out of lakes, streams, fields, woods, and roadways.
- Be careful with fire. I will prevent wildfire. I will build my fires only where they are appropriate. When I have finished using a fire, I will make sure it is cold out. I will leave a clean fire ring, or remove all evidence of my fire.
- Be considerate in the outdoors. I will treat public and private property with respect. I will use low-impact methods of hiking and camping — and
- Be conservation minded. I will learn how to practice good conservation of soil, waters, forests, minerals, grasslands, wildlife, and energy. I will urge others to do the same.
EDGE METHOD OF TRAINING
The EDGE method is a four step method for teaching a skill:
First explain what you will be doing. Tell them the steps involved. Visual aids might be helpful for this step. Use questions to gauge their understanding.
Show them how to do the skill. Demonstrate the steps using the actual materials. Describe what you are doing.
Let them practice the skill. Guide and coach them as they try to do it themselves. This step will take the most time.
Enable them by letting them do the skill themselves without any intervention.
Tips for Winter Camping
Sleep Warm While Camping With These Ten Tips
In especially cold weather changing clothes before getting in a sleeping bag can make a big difference, as can having a pair of loosely fitting wool or fleece socks just for sleeping. Sleeping bag insulation will be compressed when it is packed ss fluffing it up and redistributing the insulation is important.We need to sleep warm while camping for peace of mind and safety. We’ll be more prone to make mistakes or missteps if haven’t slept well. A good sleeping bag, adequate insulation from the ground and warm synthetic or wool clothing are key to nighttime comfort.
Grog's Index of Scouting Knots
Food Pryamid - 2nd & 1st Class information
First Class Req #1 - Navigating at Night without a compass
The moon is a compass or more accurately a pointer to the north star. So if you can see the moon you should be able to find north. There are two ways to do this.
When the moon is at a phase where you can see where the "crescent" starts you can find north by making an imaginary line from the tips of the crescent to the north star. Or where the north star is. If you look real close in this picture below, you can see that the line drawn from the tips of the crescent also cross the finger in the shadows as well. It's not perfect, but I did my best "artist" impression. Many times when the moon is at different stages you can't really see the detail as pictured below, therefore drawing the imaginary line may be more accurate.
Because the moon simply reflects the sun’s light and produces no light of its own and because of what we know about the sun’s daily pattern, we can also use the moon for direction at certain phases of its monthly progress. If it’s in a crescent phase, simply draw an imaginary line between both tips of the crescent and on downwards until you reach the horizon. The point where it touches the horizon is approximately South in the northern hemisphere. And, if the moon rises before the sun sets, the illuminated side will be west but if it rises after dark, the illuminated side will be east.
Finding the North Star