Recommendations from the National Athletic Trainers Association - Please consult your family doctor for additional information and treatment plans.
Heat Affliction Symptoms Treatment
Heat Cramps: Muscle spasms caused by an imbalance of water and electrolytes in muscles
Usually affects the legs and abdominal muscles / Rest in a cool place / Drink plenty of fluids
- Proper stretching and massaging
- Application of ice in some cases
Heat Exhaustion: Can be precursor to heat stroke
Normal to high temperature / Heavy sweating / Skin is flushed or cool and pale / Headaches, dizziness / Rapid pulse, nausea, weakness / Physical collapse may occur / Can occur without prior symptoms, such as cramps
-Get to a cool place immediately and out of the heat
-Drink plenty of fluids
-Remove excess clothing
-In some cases, immerse body in cool water
Heat Stroke: Body’s cooling system shuts down
Increased core temperature of 104ºF or greater / If untreated it can cause brain damage, internal organ damage, and even death / Sweating stops / Shallow breathing and rapid pulse / Possible disorientation or lose consciousness / Possible irregular heartbeat and cardiac arrest
-Call 911 immediately
-Cool bath with ice packs near large arteries, such as neck, armpits, groin
-Replenish fluids by drinking or intravenously if needed
NATA FLUID REPLACEMENT GUIDELINES DURING EXERCISE
1. Drink 16-24oz. of fluid 1 or 2 hours before the workout or competition.
2. Drink 4-8oz. of water or sports drink during every 20 minutes of exercise.
3. Drink before thirst develops. Thirst indicates that needed fluids are already lost.
NATA FLUID REPLACEMENT GUIDELINES AFTER EXERCISE
Weight Lost During Workout Fluid Amount Needed to Refuel
2 pounds 32oz. (4 cups or one sports drink bottle)
4 pounds 64oz. (8 cups or two bottles)
6 pounds 96oz. (12 cups or three bottles)
8 pounds 128oz. (16 cups or four bottles)